Heroin Treatment Centers
Heroin is a very addictive drug of the opiate class. The body produces its own natural opiates, called endogenous opiates, which control pain and mediate pleasure. Heroin acts on the central nervous system in a similar way but with additional side effects. Heroin is processed from morphine, a naturally occurring substance extracted from the poppy plant. It is fast acting and poses many potentially serious health risks. Because its action is so fast, heroin is particularly addictive. Heroin treatment centers, Bow Creek & Bella Vista, specialize in treating these addictions.
Heroin usually appears as a white or brown powder. Street names for heroin include junk, bomb, skag, Harry, and H. Street names may reflect the specific geographical area of origin (for example, Mexican black tar).
Methods of Use
Heroin can be injected, snorted, or smoked. Historically, most heroin users have injected the drug, but evidence suggests a recent trend towards smoking and snorting.
Effects on the Central Nervous System
Heroin is metabolized and converted to morphine in the brain, where it binds to opioid receptors and produces a euphoric rush of pleasure called a rush. The drug has a depressant effect on the central nervous system, slowing breathing and suppressing pain. After the initial rush, the user often experiences a drowsy state (called being “on the nod”) in which thought becomes clouded. The drug also affects other organ systems, such as the digestive system.
In addition to the powerful rush of pleasure, heroin use induces:
- Difficulty concentrating
- Vision problems
- Slowed breathing
- Nausea and vomiting
- Reduced sex drive
- Increased urination
- Low body temperature
Withdrawal symptoms can include:
- Drug craving
- Generalized pain
- Diarrhea and vomiting
- Cold flashes
- Erratic movements
Withdrawal can occur within hours of the last use, but symptoms may be at their worst between 48 and 72 hours after the last use and then taper off over several days. Severe withdrawal among heavy users is occasionally fatal, but heroin withdrawal is less dangerous than withdrawal from other drugs such as alcohol or barbiturates. Make sure to get into heroin rehab centers like Bella Vista and Bow Creek, with professionals experienced at treating this dangerous addiction.